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Australian National Kennel Council Breed Standard

Chihuahua Smooth Coat

GENERAL APPEARANCE  - Small, dainty, compact. 

CHARACTERISTICS - Alert, little dog, swift moving with brisk forceful action and saucy expression. 

TEMPERAMENT - Gay, spirited and intelligent, neither snappy nor withdrawn. 

HEAD AND SKULL - Well rounded 'Apple Dome' skull, cheeks and jaws lean, muzzle moderately short, slightly pointed.  Definite stop. 

EYES - Large, round, but not protruding; set well apart; centre of eye is on a plane with lowest point of ear and base of stop; dark or ruby.  Light eyes in light colours permissible. 

EARS - Large, flaring, set on at an angle of approximately 45 degrees; giving breadth between ears.  Tipped or broken down highly undesirable. 

MOUTH - Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. 

NECK -  Slightly arched, medium length. 

FOREQUARTERS - Shoulders well laid; lean, sloping into slightly broadening support above straight forelegs, set well under chest giving freedom of movement without looseness. 

BODY - Level back.  Body, from point of shoulder to rear point of croup, slightly longer than height at withers.  Well sprung ribs, deep brisket. 

HINDQUARTERS - Muscular: hocks well let down, with good turn of stifle, well apart, turning neither in nor out. 

FEET  - Small and dainty, turning neither in nor out; toes well divided but not spread, pads cushioned, fine, strong, flexible pasterns.  Neither hare nor cat-like, nails moderately short. 

TAIL - Medium length, set high, carried up and over back (sickle tail).  When moving never tucked under or curled below the topline.  Furry, flattish in appearance, broadening slightly in centre and tapering to point. 

GAIT/MOVEMENT - Brisk, forceful action, neither high stepping nor hackney; good reach without slackness in forequarters, good drive in hindquarters.  Viewed from front and behind legs should move neither too close nor too wide, with no turning in or out of feet or pasterns.  Topline should remain firm and level when moving. 

COAT - Smooth, of soft texture, close and glossy, with undercoat and ruff permissible. 

COLOUR - Any colour or mixture of colours. 


Weight:  up to 2.7 kg (6 lbs) 

If two dogs are equally good in type the more diminutive preferred. 

FAULTS - Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree. 


NOTE - Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.  

Chihuahua Long Coat

The Standard of the Chihuahua (Long Coat) is the same as the Standard of the Chihuahua (Smooth Coat) with the exception of the following:- 

COAT - Long, soft texture (never coarse or harsh to touch) either flat or slightly wavy.  Never tight and curly.  Feathering on ears, feet and legs, pants on hind quarters, large ruff on neck desirable.  Tail long and full as a plume. 

Teacup Chihuahuas:

We need to make the public aware that there are people out there selling so called “teacup” Chihuahuas and requesting large amounts of money for them when they could actually be a standard size Chihuahua fully grown… So before sending out our application form for you to complete we are sending you some information on Teacup(tiny/small) chihuahuas as specified… if you decide that you would like to pursue one of our Chihuahuas please email again…

If you are seeking a 'Tea-Cup Chihuahua', search no longer, this creature does not exist!

The Chihuahua is a small breed of dog, which can be any size up to 6 lb (2.8kgs) according to the written standard and quite often individuals will exceed this amount. They are not recognized as any more than either a Long Coat or Smooth Coat Chihuahua. A 1kg Chihuahua is very small, but will not fit into a tea-cup.

Within the breed there is a great variation of size, just like any other breed of dog and for that matter humans. There are smaller Chihuahuas and larger Chihuahuas, but there are no 'tea-cup Chihuahuas'. Within a litter even, the sizes of individuals when adult can vary considerably from the very small to the very large, so even viewing the parents will not

necessarily give an indication of the eventual size of a young pup.

When puppies are 8 weeks old, of course they are very small, but they grow and at 8 weeks, no one can tell you what size they will eventually grow to.

Most photos of 'Tea-Cup Chihuahuas' are very young pups that will actually fit into a tea-cup. They will not stay this size.

Very small Chihuahua pups are possibly that size because of health problems, others, though, live long healthy lives. Many of these health problems may not be recognized until the dog is older. It is the ones with health problems that can cause distress to new owners when they either die at a very early age or become a financial burden requiring constant veterinary care. Potential buyers need to be aware of health issues such a hydrocephalus, luxating patella’s or heart problems.

If you really want a very small Chihuahua, you are best to leave buying one until it is at least 4 months old and then even 6 months is better, or older. At this time it should be clear as to their size and health status. But this is still no guarantee...

All Photos taken by us & remain the property of Kedar-Manoah-Chihuahuas